The walk mobility planning for social and economic policies, without the prospect of temporal consequences, should provoke further reflection theme, creating policies and projects suitable for pedestrians. Cities are living, independent bodies, having their own dynamics of development, impacting directly on the movement of people who have specific needs.
The large city centers have presented a large population growth. And in this direction can be observed that several routes are outlined by pedestrians to reach the final destination. This occurs with a focus on urban areas, since its development modifies the local dynamics and provides opportunities, new forms and movement conditions mainly in urban centers.
It is also worth noting that the perception of the pedestrian on the site you use every day as locomotion route is a relevant factor, therefore, to hear its various initiatives / actions scores can be traced.
Thus, the urban space is emphasized, and which is dynamic in essence, also carries modifications "according to the needs, aspirations and contradictions of society; its structure reflects in each historical period the shares entered in this built space "(ALVES, 2010, p.10).
In a careful study on the dynamics of walking in cities, analyzing forms, difficulties, signaling, desire lines, socioeconomic conditions, identified routes related to some kind of specific activity require appropriate treatment, returned to their specificity.
This is a profound analysis of the basic and primitive aspects of walking and own political and administrative structure, involving managers planning agencies, such as city planning, economic development, health, traffic and transport, tourism, education and the environment. Through this bias can unravel many factors in this universe.
Many cities have routes that cater specifically a group of pedestrians. Can treat themselves routes to clinics, hospitals, labor, academic and tourist routes, not only on the end goal, but along its route. Therefore is necessary to analyze and adapt the profiles and qualitative and fully these routes in order to provide a safe displacement, linear, with service offerings and providing intermodality. A current and ever-present need in big cities. These properly identified and treated factors generate positive effects on the mobility of cities, where people increasingly migrate to mobility on foot, leaving other modes, economically savings to the user and qualifying the city in different ways.
Surgically analyzing the movement of pedestrians, and can check many barriers in the paths that permeate from the quality of the pavement, narrow sidewalks, poles, signs, street trade, legalized trade (released by own public power), bus shelters, lack of signage and lighting focused on pedestrian, lack of universal accessibility, pedestrian crossings in the induction insecurity, need for shadow areas, commerce and the lack of linearity in the paths, respecting desire lines and the parking permit, private works and loading and unloading the sidewalks.
Urban planning should intervene not only in the legalization and deployments, but a profound vision and discern carefully the city's own development itself, verifying aspects of development, prospecting the direction of the city's growth, where and find the spots that generates traffic, thus preventing the licensing works, generating large flow of vehicles in already troubled areas, while analyzing the release of trade, where there is the need for movement of products. All these factors directly impact the city and especially in the movement of pedestrians moving in next-way routes of motor vehicles.
In specific situations would routes for students, enable areas with trade returned to their needs (stationery shops, cafes, restaurants, libraries, areas of shade and rest). And routes for workers who need make purchases or services along your journey without apparent diversion route.
Increasingly the qualification of pedestrian in large cities, analyzing their uses and goals, urban planning will move toward better levels of quality of life and sustainability in urban centers already established.