Urban deliveries by walk!

Urban deliveries by walk!

From the need to enhance solutions that can reduce the impact on traffic, it is possible to decrease the number of vehicles making deliveries, passing these to be used as advanced deposits (warehouses), parked in safety areas, where couriers on foot or with delivery carts support can access them and from that base realize their deliveries, returning to make new deliveries.

Julio Loureiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

With the deepening crisis of mobility in large cities and the problems arising from urban congestion increasing, technicians, civil and public office are moving to reduce the impacts of air pollution, noise and visual effects.
In almost countries, the seeking for solutions are targeting the reclassification of the mass urban transport, reduce the use of individual displacements with cars and motorcycles and encourage the use of public transport means such as trains, trams and buses and the displacement walking and cycling.
Initiatives such as the displacement walking for leisure or to win small distances can also be used for application in logistics solutions for delivery of small volumes.
Currently are typical supplies made by the postal services, restaurants, pharmacies, shops that sells food with home deliveries, many services such as copies of documents, pet shops, among others can use the walk deliveries trough the supply chain as show below.
From the need to enhance solutions that can reduce the impact on traffic, it is possible to decrease the number of vehicles making deliveries, passing these to be used as advanced deposits (warehouses), parked in safety areas, where couriers on foot or with delivery carts support can access them and from that base realize their deliveries, returning to make new deliveries.
In 1990 the Expresso Harmonia, a delivery company in the city of Rio de Janeiro has successfully used this type of service. At that time it was contracted to carry out the delivery of a kit containing books of Golden Cross, a leading health plan in the city market for all its members.
The delivery was relatively simple, from a list of addresses were assembled routes of delivery and for each route it was used the support delivery of one vehicle with one ton of capacity, then, working as a deposit, the delivery men gathered in the morning at one point of the city, accessed the vehicle and from there carried out their deliveries. Each delivery member performed up to 80 deliveries a day, returning a few times to refuel their backpacks and make new deliveries. Each delivery vehicle output could take up to 1,200 kits with a group of up to 21 couriers. The routing was manual made and in a week were delivered more than 30,000 kits throughout the city.
Currently it is possible to reach advanced computer programs that enable the routing, increasing the efficiency of deliveries, as well as enabling the measurement of the most critical shifts, productivity per delivery and geographical coverage.
This study contributes to include in the discussion agenda deliveries that can be accomplished on foot, new studies can be performed as well as the development of specific applications to increase their use even more.

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