As part of urban mobility, street should help to establish positive community, to do activities together which also mean accessibility to get where they want and need to go. Moreover, ‘good street’ are those which provide safety and physical comfort where people from various background can blend together and encourage participation on them either to spend time or to walk with leisure.
Walking is the primary way for people to transport in every part of the world. This part of urban mobility contributes almost half of the transportation trips. Therefore, street should help to establish positive community, to do activities together which also mean accessibility to get where they want and need to go. Moreover, ‘good street’ are those which provide safety and physical comfort where people from various background can blend together and encourage participation on them either to spend time or to walk with leisure.
This project are planned to make use of existing infrastructure and enhance its potential to become a better space for walkability. The goal is to increase the visibility of walkways on location where it could be seen easily by perceived audience, such as in key protocol road/primary road and secondary road.
Indonesia is placed as the world's fourth-most populous county with the total population of over 252 million people. Therefore, as its capital city, Jakarta (jkt) posses various layers of accessibility, from real estates' gated community, freeway underpasses, until narrow alleys on City Kampongs (Slum houses). This project coverage are limited to primary and secondary street which posses more critical condition in order to improve its walkability for pedestrians and could become the pilot project for further improvement in other street segments.
Jakarta's increasing number of vehicle produced each year and the lack of awareness to traffic regulations continued to pose further impact to the street traffic and infrastructure. Therefore, walkways are often used as the alternative and faster ways to avoid traffic conggestion, especially for motorcyclist, which resulted in the loss of pedestrian right for public space. Furthermore, most empty spaces near the street are common to be used as the spot for parking area and selling spot for street vendors.
This stigma of walkways are often worsened by many cases of criminalities, such as bag snatchers and robbery. Furthermore, in Jakarta, walking requires vigilance. Pedestrians must continually sidestep gaping holes, street vendors and parked and passing motorcycles. As analyzed, only 2.3 % of pedestrian stayed on the sidewalk for their entire journey, excluding the portion when they need to cross the street and only 20 % of pedestrian walk are safe for them. Under these conditions, integrated accessibility has greater probability of being implemented and therefore holds greater promise for achieving the original goals of accessible and walkable cities
The pedestrian road itself must be maintained from existing infrastructure to ensure its implementation with lowest possible budget. Therefore, how can walkability improved by utilizing existing infrastructure? How can visual qualities stimulates people through its spatial configuration?
Everyday urban spaces are filled with clues to past and present social relations and cultural meanings that may be read by going out and observing the city. Thus, program injections are made and act as the catalyst to encourage people to walk.
Pedestrians are more likely to reduce the possibility to walk if the appearance of vehicles are on their visual reach. Therefore, the walkways must be distinguished visually to evoke people's awareness of the pedestrian threshold. On road with possible lane width, the use of bushes and street mirrors are set to separate and limit the visual access of pedestrian to traffic congestion, making their own promenade on the busy street.
Moreover, in the city, children often played kite flying in kampong or empty space flanked by highway and rows of houses, or even on the pedestrian bridge crossing, making it prone to be snagged on the highway and street pole. Thus, this program is injected as the visual support of walkability, act as the guidance for people's exploration and movement to "find" public spaces where they can meet and build positive community.