Accessibility as a tool in urbanism for connecting urban centers. The strategy: Urban art works on inclusion of persons with disabilities.
The following document is presented as a strategy to implement a plan of accessibility in urban territory. This is, that accessibility in relation with the urbanism can be a tool to build cities and not only models of transportation, highways or economy are the motors of urban designs.
So accessibility should go in the hands of urban policies and not be restricted only to specific constructive solutions. In short, we look to intend to not solve 'Islands', but the global connections and fair and inclusive movement of people in a city.
We have a city prepared for pedestrians? Are those towns designed for walks?
The reality today is a city designed by criteria of mobility, where the transport system and the car are the protagonists in the axes, centers and urban sub-centers. Leftover at the edge of them is defined as space for pedestrians where their characteristics or conditions prevent a continuous and accessible flow in the main streets of cities across the country.
The challenge is clear, improve pedestrian routes to give fluidity, safety and enjoyment of the environment. This is thinking of the city from the accessibility
Then ask us: what city do we want?
A city whose design is based on exclusive criteria of mobility? Or a city based on people, where accessibility is the main tool for the development and improvement of the urban environment by giving the best opportunities of displacement?
There are countless factors that could be considered to implement the accessibility as a tool for urban design. However, there are 3 that take great importance and happen to be basic to achieve a fluid and inclusive displacement. These are: flows and pre-existing axes to be considered, points of interest that requires connection and balance between pedestrian and different means of transport.
This is how the city can be restored as a connected territory where allow mobility with spaces suitable for the displacement, in balance with walkways and enhancing main axes making them effective and friendly places.
Prior to any intervention or deployment of an Accessibility Plan, should be an analysis of the area, either whole or urban sector. For this have been defined stages to reach an accurate diagnosis and to real solutions. These are:
1. Detection areas or points of interest
2. Prioritization sectors of detected points
3. Connection the points or areas through the creation of a potential accessible route
4. Diagnosis area to connect through the identification of critical points on the accessible route by measuring their level of accessibility
It is as well as accessibility becomes a strong tool for design and improvement of the axes of walkways and transport, connecting and optimizing the mobility of people in their environment.
We propose a model to create or improve, as the case, pedestrian crossings, which are the main points of break in an accessible route in the cities.
Finally, to identify the accessible route in urban areas is intended to make an artistically intervention those accessible crosswalks. In this way, art becomes an instrument to activate and include the people. Without the need for explicit signs that action on the city that intends to produce, making this accessible route fully identifiable to for people with disabilities.